Latina Partim Relata This site is under development.
Synopsis of Lpr: Latina partim relata (Lpr) is a constructed language intended for use as an international auxiliary language (IAL). Created by Dr. James K. Seger, it is based on the language Latino sine flexione (Lsf), constructed by Dr. Giuseppe Peano in the early 1900s. Lpr diverges from Lsf by restoring certain features of Latin.
Objective: Lpr has two primary objectives: to improve the clarity of Lsf and to enhance its resemblance to Latin without unduly increasing the language's complexity. Judging which features to restore is, of course, a highly subjective exercise and inevitably reflects my aesthetical preferences.
Vocabulary: Lpr is identical in vocabulary to Lsf.
Pronunciation: Lpr is identical in pronunciation to Lsf.
Syntax: Lpr is similar to Lsf in that it normally uses a subject-verb-object (SVO) word order. However, by permitting some inflections, it can deviate from SVO and still maintain clarity of meaning.
Cases: 1. Use the accusative case when diverging from SVO word order. Thus, it is possible to say: The man sees the girl = Puellam videt homo. 2. Use the genitive case for nouns since the endings in the third declension are not ambiguous as they are in other declensions. Thus, sol/solis, veritas/veritatis, lux/lucis.
Nouns, Third Declension:
Singular Nouns: Use the nominative case rather than ablative as follows:
1. Drop the final "e" or "o" from the ablative if this yields the nominative. Examples are sol, animal, consul, passer, puer, pudor, victor, tonsor.
2. Drop the final "e" from ablatives ending in "ione". Examples are nation, ration.
3. Retain nominatives ending in "itas". Examples are veritas, civitas.
4. Retain nominatives ending in "x". Examples are rex, dux, vox, pax, index, cantrix, audax, nox.
5. Retain neuter nominative in um or ium when it indicates things or places (e.g., auditorium) or when it is an adjective being used as a substantive (e.g., malum = a bad thing).
Plural Nouns: Use the accusative plural. Thus, animales, puellas.
1. Use the endings t (and nt) for the third person singular (and plural). Thus, laudat, laudant.
2. Use the present participle in the nominative case. Thus, laudans, monens, audiens.
3. Use the past participle in the ablative case. Thus, laudato, monito, audito.
4. Use re to indicate the present infinitive. Thus, laudare, monere, audire.
5. Use the perfect subjunctive to provide a conditional/subjunctive mood for the present and future tenses. Thus, He would hear = Ille audiverit.
6. Use the pluperfect subjunctive to provide a conditional/subjunctive mood for the past tense. Thus, He would have heard = Ille audivisset.
7. Offer an alternative passive voice using reflexive pronoun. He is seen by the woman = Ille se videt a femina. Compare: He sees himself = Ille videt se.
Other Parts of Speech
1. Change adjective ending from o to a when modifying a feminine noun or pronoun.
2. Limit meanings of cum: with, by means of.
Sample Lpr Paragraph:
Lpr est lingua artificiale que omnis persona potest scribere et dicere facile. Suo vocabulario non est formato ad arbitrario, sed
continet vocabulos hodie usos in varias linguas. Pro iste ration illa habet
maximo praecision expressionis et est vivens organismo. Illa est analytica
et libera a mortuo pondere de grammatica. Illa est facto pro facilitare
communication internationale in scientia, technologia, commercio et
(A note for Latin teachers: The teaching of Lpr, besides providing students with an unsurpassed international language, may often serve to attract them to explore a fully restored Latin. Having a good grasp of Latin's vocabulary and a smattering of its inflections, they may be primed to learn its reputedly "formidable" grammar and syntax).
To return to LSF click here: LSF.